When checking the latest information, it is said that the number of ethnic groups in the world today stands at around one hundred thousand. The classification of these groups is based on the history, cultural heritage, and the homeland.
There is a further classification of these groups from the majority ethnic group that enjoys a huge following while there are also the minority groups. There have been discoveries of new ethnic groups that were unknown and it is estimated that there are more out there.
When comparing the minority ethnic groups today, Uyghur is one of these ethnic groups. Their origin can be traced back to Turkey even though they currently live in Central and East Asia. They reside in the People’s Republic of China primarily in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. China has recognized them as among the 55 minority ethnic groups.
Even though the majority of the Uyghur people are in China, they can also be found in other countries. Kazakhstan is the second country that has a huge number of Uyghur populations standing at over 200,000 by 2010. Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan are next with over 100,000 combined. Though their origin is Turkey, their number here is only 45,000.
The other numbers that are found around the world is small. This group has been known by the name Turks due to their language.
By the 19th Century, this group was referred to be the most ancient ethnic group in the world. Their origin dates back to the 2nd century. There was a time when their Uyghur name was lost but was later rediscovered. The name today refers to a collective of all people who come from this ethnic group.
Even though they are among the minority ethnic groups, they have the longest history than any other group. They have managed to keep their practice alive and they somehow resemble their ancestors’.
They are known for farming, baking, and black smith. However, there are those who are known for their pastoralist activities.
The Uyghurs are known for speaking Uyghur and Chinese language. They are strict followers of Sunni Islam Sect. They also have a close relationship with other ethnic groups such as the Tocharians, the Karluks, and the Turkic people.
After the fall of the Uyghur Kingdoms, the people of Uyghur dispersed around the world. They Moved to China and formed the Ganzhou kingdom. People believe that the current Uyghur people are descendants of this kingdom.
The people of Uyghur have had an opportunity that other groups have failed of practicing their belief without external influences from other people.